Monday, 20 August 2012

ILLITERACY; Causes, Effects & Solutions







The word “illiteracy” is ambiguous; it is akinesia to the state of mind of the individual concerned. Illiteracy is often used as the opposite of literacy.

The United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization (UNESCO) defined literacy as "ability to identify, understand, interpret, create, communicate and compute, using printed and written materials associated with varying contexts. Literacy involves a continuum of learning in enabling individuals to achieve their goals, to develop their knowledge and potential, and to participate fully in their community and wider society."

Therefore, base on the above definition, I can depict illiteracy as the” inability of an individual to identify, understand, interpret, create, communicate and compute, using printed and written materials associated with varying contexts.”

Illiteracy keeps people chained to ignorance, slavery, inaction and exploitation in a number of ways. For example, an individual might refuse medical care because of faith in a clergy.

“As centuries of dictators have known, an illiterate crowd is the easiest to rule; since the craft of reading cannot be untaught once it has been acquired, the second-best recourse is to limit its scope.” ― Alberto Manguel, The History of Reading

In the antediluvian times, only a small percentage of the world population are considered as literate whom are regarded as the elite of the society, thus, the majority of the population are regarded as illiterate. Furthermore, illiterate people are the inferior segment of the society moreover the underdeveloped countries are mostly in the bond of illiteracy. The level of illiteracy in a society is always measured by human development index which constitutes; life expectancy, literacy, education, and standards of living of a country.

A study conducted by the World Statistics Institute (WSI) shows that over 27% of the world population are illiterates. Another study by the same institute shows that the speed at which illiteracy rate rises is 32%. These rates are relatively important, as illiteracy has negative effects on the society at large.

WHAT ARE THE CAUSES AND EFFECT OF ILLITERACY?

- Sometimes people who are illiterate are called the un-educated people.

The most important effect is that illiteracy works as an inhibitor to the society, in other words, the more illiterate people in a country; the harder it will be for the country to progress. Illiteracy not only limits the full development of individuals and their participation in society, but also has recoils throughout life, affecting a person’s family environment, limiting access to the benefits of development, and preventing the enjoyment of other human rights.

Illiteracy is caused by lack of proper education. Education is the bedrock for the future, therefore, if you don’t have education, you might be considered as the rejected in the society. Education comes with a sub-conscious elation of optimism. Someone without education might feel intimidated by an educated person just because proper education enlighten an individual to know his/her rights, with education, he/she can differentiate between ethicality and morality.

“70 out of 100 people in the world cannot read... if you can read then you are the luckiest out of 2 million people in the world that cannot.” - Call Bain

- Economic condition of the people which we can also regard as “Poverty”.

“Poverty or destitution refers to the state of severe deprivation of basic human needs, which commonly includes food, water, sanitation, clothing, shelter, health care, education and information.” - Wikipedia

Poverty is a by-product of illiteracy, which is why most underdeveloped countries have the highest rate of illiteracy in the world. An impoverish person will always undermine his capability to soar beyond a certain limit, he is a pessimist, he does sometimes believes that the world owes him a living. Poverty deters an individual to contribute his quota to the society, it impede social-economic development of any society. A destitute individual sees health care, education, housing e.t.c as a dream which cannot be achieved throughout his time on earth, since he does not have the means to satisfy his basic needs, other categories of needs are fantasy. Illiteracy which usually begets poverty is a psychological and evolving process which every society should tackle from the grass-roots.

“Overcoming poverty is not a task of charity; it is an act of justice. Like Slavery and Apartheid, poverty is not natural. It is man-made and it can be overcome and eradicated by the actions of human beings. Sometimes it falls on a generation to be great. YOU can be that great generation. Let your greatness blossom.” ― Nelson Mandela

- Genetic effects

Illiteracy has a hereditary effect if it is not abolished early. It transcends generations, be it current or future generation.

As the saying goes "we came to this earth with nada and we will leave with nada". We are all born without the knowledge of the society which we found ourselves, therefore, there is a need to acclimatize and familiarize ourselves with the society. Most of our characters, habits and pet peeves are all acquired during childhood. At a tender age which I regard as strategic age gap, mostly between 1 to 4 years, children learn about the society from their ambiance which is mostly the parents. It is in this strategic age gap that children learn between good and bad, reality and fallacy, morality and immorality, God and Satan e.t.c.

The children of illiterate parents are more likely to be illiterate compared to literate parents. If an illiterate parent does not want their children to be illiterate, chances are that by observation, the children will eventually become illiterate because they will reflect the attitude and character of their parents.

Illiterates people tends to take everything hook-line-and-sinker, they believe everything they are being told and make irrational decisions. They are not knowledgeable to challenge opinions, hence their enemies seems to be someone who wants to help them to cure their ignorance.

“The worst illiterate is the political illiterate, he doesn’t hear, doesn’t speak, nor participates in the political events. He doesn’t know the cost of life, the price of the bean, of the fish, of the flour, of the rent, of the shoes and of the medicine, all depends on political decisions. The political illiterate is so stupid that he is proud and swells his chest saying that he hates politics. The imbecile doesn’t know that, from his political ignorance is born the prostitute, the abandoned child, and the worst thieves of all, the bad politician, corrupted and flunky of the national and multinational companies.” - Bertolt Brecht

SOLUTION?

Reminiscing back to history; the uneducated majority of the populace are slaves, maid, helpers, assistants e.t.c while the educated are the kings, princes, queens, princess’s, sultans, advisers e.t.c.

Illiteracy is not natural, neither is it inherent - it can be cured, reduced and eradicated by universalizing primary and secondary school education at a no cost. This can be achieved by both private and governmental institutions teaming up together to provide supports, policies and finances. Russia and China are perfect epitome of countries who conjuncted together to say NO to ILLITERACY.

The individual, society and government have responsibility in solving the problem of illiteracy. The utmost responsibility lies with the parents who are the first instance impact to their kids.

By

Paul Adepoju, ACMI

http://www.youtube.com/user/iluvjetnoise88
http://iluvjetnoise.blogspot.com
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Thursday, 16 August 2012

Miss Nigeria Ghana 2012; Officially Launched!!!




At the auditorium of the Nigeria High Commission, Accra Ghana
On Thursday 16th August 2012

  • ·      Your Excellency, Ambassador Oluseyi Onafowokan , the Nigeria High Commission to Ghana.
  •        Deputy High Commissioner and other principal staff of the High Commission.
  •              Our Amiable sponsors
     
  •              Members of Nigeria Communities
     
  •       The National Association of Nigeria Students Executives
     
  •       Gentlemen of the Pres
     
  •       Ladies and Gentlemen
We give thanks to God, the almighty and our creator, who impacted us with knowledge that yielded this idea and who makes this day a reality. Our mind also wells up in appreciation to fellow human who helped tremendously in all activities leading to today’s presentation. We are grateful to the Nigeria High Commissioner and all staff of the high commission for always been there for us. We salute the courage of our sponsors who believe and support our dream and to our friends from the media, thanks for making time to be here.

Miss Nigeria in Diaspora is not a new development; in the United States of America, we have Miss Nigeria New York and Washington. In Europe, there is Miss Nigeria UK and Miss Nigeria Dublin and back here in Africa, Miss Nigeria South Africa is always a big deal.  Looking at Ghana’s close relations with Nigeria and the number of Nigerians living in Ghana, we are of the opinion that it will not augur well and will not be in the best cultural interest of the two nations not to have a feel of Miss Nigeria Ghana.

Miss Nigeria Ghana  is therefore  intended to organise Nigerian youths living  in Ghana  toward a new order of projecting Nigeria image in Ghana and fostering a more cordial relationship between the youths of the two countries  through culture and decent beauty pageant.

We are very optimistic that this program will promote Nigerian’s rich cultural dexterity and diversity among Ghanaians, serve as a tool for rebranding Nigeria image in Ghana and become a potent tool for more unification of both countries.

There are arguably over 5 million Nigerians in Ghana, and Nigeria being the entertainment power house of Africa and the uniqueness of Nigerians as carrier of fun and funfair anywhere they find themselves, and can never ceased to be the happiest people. This program we hope shall create a platform for general entertainment.  There are lots of Nigerian companies contributing massively to the economic development of Ghana which we also believe needed vehicles like this to promote their investment in Ghana and a number of Ghanaian owned companies finding their feet in Nigeria.  This event will go a long way in helping businesses across the two countries. 

There have been various effort of the federal government of Nigeria through its various agencies at home and abroad in projecting the image of Nigeria, there is no doubt that this program will go a long way in projecting Nigeria as a good people that we are and from a great nation. 

The pageant is open to all Nigeria ladies schooling or resident in Ghana between the ages of 18 and above. Application form is available for Ghc35 at the Sliverbird lifestyle store, Accra mall and on all the campuses across the nation. 

Audition shall be held in Accra and Kumasi and the grand finale shall be held in Accra on the 26th of October 2012. There are mouth watering prizes for the winner and the runner up as well as the ten finalists, including an official car for the winner throughout her reign and a $6000 Rolex watch.

The winner of the pageant shall also embark on one year breast cancer awareness campaign in all the ten regions of Ghana, in a show of appreciation and giving back to our host nation, Ghana.

The ten finalists shall compete for the crown on a night of bliss to be witnessed by dignitaries from Nigeria and Ghana.

Top on our guests list is the first lady of the Federal Republic of Nigeria, Her Excellency Dame Patience Jonathan. We are also expecting wife of Oyo state Governor, Mrs Florence Ajimobi and former Nigeria Ambassador to the Republic of Ireland and Peoples Democratic Party’s National Women Leader, Dr Kema Chikwe. There shall be representation from the Nigeria National Assembly, Ministry of Women Affairs, and Ministry of Youth Affairs, National Orientation agency and National Institute of Cultural Orientation.

There are number of artists both from Nigeria and Ghana that will add glamour to the night. Tickets for the event shall be available for sale from 1st September, 2012.

The event has the endorsement of the Nigeria High Commission in Ghana, the National Association of Nigerian Students, (NANS-Ghana) and Association of Nigeria Professionals in Ghana and all Nigeria Community Ghana.

The event is being put together by Delight Communications, Nigerian Eye Newspaper, Jumacole Investment, Starkeep productions and partners.

For more information and update please visit our website www.missnigeriaghana.com

Bola Olalere – Chairman Organising Committee